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3D Printer Filament Extrusion Line

Our 3D printer filament production support all kinds of raw materials, such as PLA, ABS, PS, PETG, PEEK. The filament extrusion line offers neatly lined and rolled filament, convenient production, and simple operation with advanced PLC technology.

We are highly praised by customers in regions such as the United States. 10+ years’ experience in this extruder manufacturing industry can ensure our professionalism and the quality of our 3D printer filament extrusion line.

Applications

  • The 3D printer filament extruder machine is a versatile tool with applications ranging from custom filament production for 3D printing to material experimentation and recycling initiatives. Following are the main applications:

    • Mass Production: Enables the large-scale production of filament, meeting higher demand from commercial 3D printing operations.
    • Customization: It enables manufacturers to create tailored filaments with specific colors and properties, fostering innovation in prototyping and small-scale production.
    • Research and Development: Supports R&D by enabling the production of experimental filament types for testing and innovation in materials science.
    • Market Supply: Provides a steady supply of filament to the market, ensuring availability for various users, from hobbyists to industrial users.
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What Twin Screw Extruder Machine You Need ?

GS mach which is a manufacturing vendor, specializing in the twin screw extruder pelletizing line and spare parts, with high quality machine and competitive price.

3D Printer Filament Extruder Machine

3d printer filament extrusion line

Machine advantages

  • Two-stage cooling to solve the problem of core out of roundness.
  • Produce different raw material including ABS, PLA, PA, HIPS, PET, PEEK…
  • Servo cable drive + PLC program control achieves online precision and neat winding, which is applicable to both large and small reels.
  • By adjusting the raw materials and extrusion process, the bubble problem of consumables has been solved.
3D Printer Filament Extrusion Line advantages

What is 3D Printer Filament

3D printer filament is a thermoplastic material used in 3D printing. It comes in the form of a thin, flexible strand that is fed into a 3D printer, melted, and then extruded layer by layer to build a three-dimensional object.

Raw Material of 3D Printer Filament

Currently, 3D printer consumables are in the form of solid round filaments, with main raw materials including ABS, PLA, PVA, HIPS, PC, PA, TPU, and others. The product diameters range from 1.75mm to 3.0mm.

PLA and ABS are the two most commonly used materials. With the promotion and popularization of 3D printing technology, the development and application of specialized materials with superior performance, such as PEEK and PVA, are gradually advancing, in addition to the conventional PLA and ABS materials.

ABS

ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a common thermoplastic polymer known for its toughness, impact resistance, and ability to be easily molded or extruded.

Regardless of the type of extruder used, the material will extrude smoothly without concerns about clogging or solidification. It’s very suitable for 3D printing functional parts that require durability and impact resistance.

ABS plastic presents challenges in 3D printing due to its tendency to shrink when cooling, causing parts to detach from the print bed and potentially fail, especially with tall prints. This material also tends to warp, impacting adhesion and dimensional precision. However, with meticulous printer calibration, such as using a heated build platform and maintaining a controlled printing environment, ABS can effectively produce durable and impact-resistant functional parts.

An extrusion line can alleviate challenges in ABS plastic processing for 3D printing by ensuring precise control over filament production, resulting in consistent diameter and properties that reduce warping and enhance print bed adhesion. Customizable filament characteristics and optimized production parameters further improve printing reliability and quality.

PLA

PLA is a semi-crystalline polymer with a melting temperature between 170-180°C, lower than ABS’s 200-260°C. This lower melting point eliminates the need for a heated tray and enclosed printing chamber. PLA offers good performance with high printing speed and sharp edges if properly cooled, and the resulting parts have low deformability.

However, PLA has a higher viscosity than other thermoplastics, which can cause clogging if not handled carefully. PLA filaments have a shelf life of at least one year when stored between 15 to 25°C. Compared to ABS, PLA lacks the same strength and flexibility but is less prone to warping. It is recommended for parts without high mechanical complexity due to its ease of use.

3D printer filament extrusion line can address several issues associated with PLA. It ensures consistent filament diameter and quality, reducing the risk of clogging due to high viscosity. While PLA still lacks the strength and flexibility of ABS, precise extrusion can maximize its performance.

PEEK

PEEK combines excellent mechanical properties, chemical resistance, wear, fatigue, and creep resistance, with high-temperature stability. It also offers good combustion resistance and dielectric performance.

When 3D printing with PEEK, controlling the crystallization process is crucial, as it affects the material’s density and overall print quality. To successfully print with PEEK, a 3D printer needs to maintain high and stable temperatures: an extruder reaching 400°C, a chamber heated to 120°C, and a build plate capable of 230°C. These conditions prevent warping and ensure proper part release.

Technical Data Sheet

TypeTolerance(mm)Output(kg/h)Material
Lab Machine+0.05mm

1-2kg/h

PLA/ABS/PS/PETG/PEEK/BVOH/PA/PET/HIPS
GS35+0.03mm8-15kg/hPLA/ABS/PS/PETG/PEEK/BVOH/PA/PET/HIPS
GS45+0.03mm15-30kg/hPLA/ABS/PS/PETG/PEEK/BVOH/PA/PET/HIPS
GS65

+0.03mm

30-50kg/hPLA/ABS/PS/PETG/PEEK/BVOH/PA/PET/HIPS

Production Flow of 3D Printing Filament

  1. Mixing: Raw materials, including base polymer and additives, are precisely mixed for uniform composition.

     

  2. Vacuum Loader: The mixture is transferred to remove air pockets and contaminants.

     

  3. Hopper Dryer: The material is dried to remove moisture, ensuring high-quality extrusion.

     

  4. Extruder: The dried material is melted and extruded at high temperatures to form a continuous filament.

     

  5. Mould: The molten material is shaped into the desired filament form.

     

  6. Hot Water Tank: The filament undergoes initial shaping and solidification in a hot water tank.

     

  7. Cooling Water Tank: The filament is further cooled and stabilized.

     

  8. Laser Gauge: The filament’s diameter is continuously measured for quality control.

     

  9. Traction Machine: The filament is pulled through the line, maintaining consistent speed and tension.

     

  10. Accumulator: The filament is temporarily stored to ensure continuous production.

     

  11. Winding Machine: The filament is automatically wound onto spools, ready for use in 3D printing.

     

  12. Line up Neat Device:For precise wire alignment, ensuring neat, tight spools of wire.

     

  13. Automatic Roll Changer:Quick change of full spools without stopping the machine
Detailed Production Process3

About GSmach and Customer Reviews

Our company specializes in manufacturing high-quality 3D printer filament extrusion lines, offering excellent precision and consistency in filament production. By leveraging cutting-edge technology and meticulous quality control, we ensure that each filament meets the highest standards of diameter accuracy and material properties.

Our extrusion lines are designed to handle basic-level materials like ABS, as well as high-performance materials like PEEK, maintaining stable temperatures and optimal conditions during production. This results in reduced printing errors, improved mechanical properties of printed parts, and overall enhanced performance.

3D Printing ConsumablesPlastic Filament Equipment customer

Project Cases

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